How to build a simple signal amplifier

Ever needed to build an amp quickly?
I first became interested in electronics because of the cool gadgets it could produce...and of course it had buttons. Always loved pushing buttons to figure out what they do...  The fact that robots and space ships were all over the tv and movie scene of course had it's effect as well.

Engineering Studies:
The interest was given a severe knock when I realised I had to do math and all kinds of other subjects at varsity level to be considered an expert.  So instead of playing (experimenting) with electronics, and making 'expensive smelling smoke' (when the smoke comes out, it stops working :-) ), me and my classmates were being taught on paper how the things work in the real world.

Don't get me wrong:  the theory behind how stuff work is immensely interesting, being tested on how much of it you can remember - not so much.  I mean what's the point if you can find all the info you need in a book or on the internet in any case, right?

The magic of electronics:
The magic of electronics were rekindled again when I worked on repairing some control boards for an induction furnace with an electronics veteran named Cyril Thompson.

He needed to test a signal output on the board where we suspected a problem in the controls originated from, but the signal was not strong enough to find irregularities.  So he took a simple pnp Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) from his box of goodies, wired some resistors to it and created an amp within minutes.
I was wide eyed and in love with electronics all over again. What he did, looks like this on paper:

Q1 is the transistor
Point 0: is the reason why this circuit is called the 'common-emitter' amplifier.  It is the common point for the circuit (also referred to as ground or earth or the zero point because it is connected to the 0 potential) and is connected to the emitter of the transistor.  The emitter is indicated by the protruding tab for this type of transistor. (2N2222)
Point 1: on the schematic is the connection for the source signal (also called the input to the amplifier circuit).  This is connected to the base of the transistor.
Point 2: is the collector side of the transistor in this circuit.  This is the point where Voutput is measured.
Point 3: is the connection point for V1 which is normally referred to as Vcc and provides the power for the circuit.

(the colours used here denotes the arrows in the picture below)

Here is the circuit in real life, which I built up from my box of goodies, just a few minutes ago:


Notice that in my circuit I added a resistor between the source connection and the base of the transistor.  This just protects the transistor a little by limiting the current to it.  If the source that you want to amplify is very small this might not be necessary.  Also take note that this is the most basic common-emitter circuit, and more complex circuits are required for different applications.

That is all for now. Thank you for reading this post.  Come back again and feel free to drop a comment or question anytime.  Enjoy the "mystery" of electronics.
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